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Polaroid and other makes of camera produced photographs instantly, but they were small and rather unstable.

The 'Swinger' was Polaroid's first low-cost camera, introduced in 1965, two years after the Polaroid 'Automatic 100'. The latter was their first colourpack camera, able to produce instant pictures on 'Polarcolor' film and the first camera ever made with a transistorized electronic shutter for automatic exposure control under all light conditions. Polarcolor film, the basis of all Polaroid photography, was made with a water-swellable polymer layer containing a substance that fixed the dyes, thus producing a positive image. A self-washing stabilizing system was built-in and, after separation from the negative, the positive dried quickly to leave a hard, glossy finish.