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The 'Welsh Not' was used in some schools during the eighteenth and nineteenth century in a bid to prevent pupils from speaking Welsh. The 'Welsh Not', which usually consisted of a small piece of wood or slate inscribed with the letters 'W.N', was hung around the neck of a child who was caught speaking Welsh. At the end of the school day, the child wearing the 'Welsh Not' would be punished by the schoolteacher.

Extracts from the log book of the British School, Aberaeron (built 1872-3), written by the head teacher.
5th November1880     Cannot get the children from the habit of talking in Welsh; the school as a whole is backward in English
1907                             Use of more Welsh language recommended
1924                             Welsh language to receive equal prominence with English

Extracts from the Llansantffraid board school log book
8th February, 1870     Endeavoured to compel the children to converse in English by means 
                                    of a piece of wood. Offenders to be shut in after school hours'.
17th Jone1887            The children are very backward in speaking English in and about the school
5th April 1895              Taught a new Welsh song 'Yr Eneth Dlos'

Dr Phillips of Neuaddllwyd school fined children for speaking Welsh to help pay for his tobacco!