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The first pianos made in this country were in the oblong form of the earlier clavichord, and were made about 1770. The piano differs from earlier instruments in that the strings are struck by hammers, not plucked as formerly. Square pianos continued to be made until about 1840; this one dates from 1818 and the original cost was about £50, a high price at the time. This instrument has been extensively restored in the Museum, the most important work being replacing the strings, most of which were broken; the new strings are as near as possible to the originals. Many missing ivories were also replaced. The missing pedal will be replaced. The instrument is now in playing order.