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SEASONS AND FESTIVALS

The year was marked by agricultural activities and religious festivals including saints' days.

Farmers in Ceredigion were more likely to refer to the time of fairs or religious festivals, or to agricultural activities than to months or seasons.

Jenkins, David, (1998), 'Land and Community around the close of the nineteenth century' in Cardiganshire County History, III, 98

The major events in which many people were involved were hay and corn harvests, threshing (after the invention of large threshing machines), sheep shearing and pig killing. Most of the other tasks such as ploughing, sowing and weeding involved one or two people and could last for months.

SPRING

sowing crops

planting potatoes

Good Friday - the only day on which a plough could be borrowed by a cottager from a local farm

Easter

Barley Saturday - Cardigan - the last Saturday of April?

SUMMER

harvesting hay

shearing sheep

annual trip to the sea side

AUTUMN

harvesting corn

harvesting potatoes

Autumn fairs

pig killing

November Eve. Farmers' sons and servants hid gates.

WINTER

hedging, fencing, ditching

Christmas

New Year's Eve. Farmers' sons and servants hid gates.

New Year. Annual feast for farm workers provided by the farmer (until about 1870).

AGRICULTURE INDEX

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN SPRING

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN SUMMER

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN AUTUMN

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN WINTER

WELSH LIFE