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exhibition number: Agriculture 31

During the 19th century many farmers made little profit and were only able to save enough to cover them for a bad year. Others were able to invest in renting larger farms or occasionally purchasing new equipment.

Farmers of small-holdings had to supplement their income by working elsewhere - lead and coal mines, harvesting in Herefordshire or providing a skilled service or craft for the local community.

The beginning of the 19th century was successful for farmers, partly as a result of government policies and increased demand for food during the Napoleonic wars, but this was followed by a period of dropping prices and depression. which lasted into the 1830s.

The 'Great Depression' of the 1880s had little effect on livestock prices initially, but imported meat began to reduce these, as imported grain had caused grain prices to drop earlier in the decade. The owners of large estates began to lower rents during this period.

Moore-Colyer, R.J., (1998), Agriculture and Occupation in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-century Cardiganshire, Ceredigion County History, III, pp. 19-50