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FARM MACHINERY

exhibition number: Agriculture 5

In Cardiganshire, the introduction of new equipment during the 19th century was slow, for several reasons: physical isolation, poor roads, conservatism, lack of investment capital, high maintenance costs and cheapness of labour. As a result, traditional and locally made equipment lasted longer in the county than in much of the rest of Britain and more people remained in agricultural employment.

Sometimes it was easier to bring farm machinery by sea than across the mountains.

Most farm machinery was expensive and could only be justified if it was to make a savings in labour costs.

Farm machinery such as the hay mowing machine and corn self-binder were first introduced to Cardiganshire during the 1890s.

Many of the machines had dangerous parts and sometimes caused serious injuries.

Moore-Colyer, R.J., (1998), Agriculture and Occupation in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-century Cardiganshire, Ceredigion County History, III, pp. 40, 46

Scourfield, E., (1978), 'The interpretation of the history and development of farming techniques in Wales as illustrated by the collection at the Welsh Folk Museum', Acta Museorum Agriculturae, 115-131.

REAPER-BINDER

MOWING MACHINE

THRESHING MACHINE

WINNOWING MACHINE

CORN GRINDER

CHAFF-CUTTER

FARM VEHICLES

POWER

AGRICULTURE INDEX