Search

Skip Navigation|

PLANTING POTATOES

potatoes

Potatoes were an essential crop for feeding people and pigs. They were grown on farms, small holdings and gardens from the 18th century.

During the 19th century cottagers grew several rows of potatoes (of 80-120 yards each) in the field of a larger farm, in exchange for which he would work for an agreed number of days on that farm during harvest. The farmer provided the manure and weeded the crop but the cottagers had to help harvest his potatoes as well as their own, and work for a day at harvest time for each row of potatoes grown (dyled gwaith, dyled cynhaeaf or duty tatw).

Jenkins, David, (1998), 'Land and Community around the close of the nineteenth century' in Cardiganshire County History, III, 110

Potatoes were laid in ridges and were harvested with a hoe until the invention of the potato digging machine. The rows were marked with stakes which were sometimes marked with branding irons.

Jenkins, David, (1998), 'Land and Community around the close of the nineteenth century' in Cardiganshire County History, III, 105

AGRICULTURE INDEX

RIDGING PLOUGH OR 'MOULDER'

HORSE-HOE OR SCUFFLER

POTATO LIFTER

POTATO BASKET

ROOT CROPS