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ABERYSTWYTH CASTLE

View of Aberystwyth Castle, about 1300 AD

BUILDING THE CASTLE

1277 work started on the 1st August

1278 work resumed on 29th June, and ceased on 11th November

1279 many men sent from Bristol area

1280 gate tower needed repair

1281 little work done

1282 Welsh gained entry and destroyed the town and castle on 24th March

1282 Master James of St George came in May

1282 Edward I in Aberystwyth 10-16th November

1287 work complete, 12 years work which cost about £4,300

1287 Part of town wall destroyed by Rhys ap Maredudd

1294-5 The castle besieged by the Welsh for about 6 months

1295 Edward I in Aberystwyth

OWAIN GLYNDWR TOOK THE CASTLE

1401 The Welsh burnt the town but failed to take the castle

1402 Owain Glyndwr began a siege of the castle in May

1404 Owain Glyndwr took the castle in November

1405 Owain Glyndwr signed a treaty with the French

1407 Castle attacked by Prince Henry with cannon, unsuccessfully

1408 Castle taken by Prince Henry

CIVIL WAR

1637 Mint established

1642 The Mint was removed to Furnace (12 miles away)

1644 Castle held by Royalists

1645 Castle besieged by Parliamentarians

1646 Royalists surrendered

1648 Cromwell ordered destruction of castle

Colvin, H.M., (1963) (ed), The History of the King's Works, I, 299-308

Spurgeon, C.J., (1977), The Castle and Borough to 1649, in Jones, I.G., (ed), Aberystwyth, 1277-1977, 28-45

Morgan, T.O., (1848), New Guide to Aberystwyth and its Environs, p. 36-56